Microsoft patches Follina threat in latest Patch Tuesday release
Microsoft has just pushed its June 2022 cumulative update for Windows, including a patch for the dreaded Follina vulnerability.
“Microsoft strongly recommends that customers install the updates to be fully protected from the vulnerability. Customers whose systems are configured to receive automatic updates do not need to take any further action,” Microsoft said in its advisory.
Discovered by cybersecurity expert Kevin Beaumont, and dubbed “Follina”, the flaw leverages a Windows utility called msdt.exe, designed to run different troubleshooter packs on Windows. The researcher found that when the victim downloads a weaponized Word file, they don’t even need to run it, previewing it in Windows Explorer is enough for the tool to be abused (it has to be an RTF file, though).
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Follina abused in the wild
By abusing this utility, the attackers are able to tell the target endpoint to call an HTML file, from a remote URL. The attackers have chosen the xmlformats[.]com domain, probably trying to hide behind the similar-looking, albeit legitimate, openxmlformats.org domain used in most Word documents.
The HTML file holds plenty of “junk”, which obfuscates its true purpose – a script that downloads and executes a payload.
Microsoft’s fix doesn’t prevent Office from loading Windows protocol URI handlers automatically and without user interaction, but it does block PowerShell injection, thus rendering the attack useless.
As soon as it was discovered, researchers started spotting the flaw being abused in the wild. Among its earliest adopters, allegedly, were Chinese state-sponsored threat actors, mounting cyberattacks against the international Tibetan community.
“TA413 CN APT spotted ITW exploiting the Follina 0Day using URLs to deliver Zip Archives which contain Word Documents that use the technique,” cybersecurity researchers from Proofpoint said two weeks ago. The same company also found Follina being abused by another threat actor, TA570, to distribute Qbot, while NCC Group found it being further abused by Black Basta, which is a known ransomware group.
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